19th Century American chopmarks?
Would it be fair to say that merchants countermarked coins primarily to validate them, so that they and that they could spend them more easily, and so that people knew the coins would be acceptable in commerce, at least at the given merchant's location? Same as chopmarks in the Orient. Doesn't mean there couldn't have been an advertising angle as well, but the validation angle seems like it would have been the primary functional purpose.
Doggedly collecting coins of the Central American Republic.
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