Variety vs Error or Variety + Error?
I recently got a magnifying lamp and it gave me a chance to get a better perspective on my modest coin collection. It also opened up questions about what are errors and what are varieties. Can a coin be both a variety and have additional mint errors?
There are 2 coins in particular that I am curious about.
The 1870 Indian Head Cent is in unremarkable condition but there's what I guess is an unusual die crack on the reverse. Although not totally unbroken, it encircles the entire ONE CENT on the reverse. Is this an error or a variety? Does this make the coin much more collectible?
The 1893 Morgan is what I am more curious about. From what I researched, it appears to be a VAM 3. However, there is significant 'spidering(?)' around much of the reverse. I didn't see this in any of the 1893 VAM 3s. In fact, there are few 1893 VAMs and almost no pictures of the reverse.
The first couple of pictures show the obverse and the doubled 3.
I know this is not even close to a mint state coin so there may be other marks interfering with what I am trying to convey in these pictures. In my recent research, I've found other coins in my collection with die cracks and breaks, but none with these type of marks. Is this a mint error? I find it hard to imagine that these marks could be post mint.
So, is really a 1893 VAM 3? If so, does the reverse make it a VAM 3 with mint errors or could it be another known variety that I haven't seen?
I appreciate any insight!