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The 1873 Closed 3 Coinage

1873 is one of the most interesting years for coinage, for many reasons, one of which is the closed 3 vs open 3 varieties. The original dies for the coinage that year was criticized for the closed 3 which looked too much like an 8, and the date logotype was soon changed so that the 3 was more open. All denominations come with both types except the 3c silver, half dime, and seated dollar, which were discontinued in 1873, and the trade dollar which began production in 1873.

In my collecting area, seated quarters, the closed 3 is one of the rarest varieties and one of my favorites. Here's my XF40.

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    RichieURichRichieURich Posts: 8,371 ✭✭✭✭✭

    Great coin, congrats!

    An authorized PCGS dealer, and a contributor to the Red Book.

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    2windy2fish2windy2fish Posts: 817 ✭✭✭✭✭

    1873 would make for a very interesting and extremely expensive one year type set!

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    CaptHenwayCaptHenway Posts: 31,554 ✭✭✭✭✭

    @Manifest_Destiny said:
    1873 is one of the most interesting years for coinage, for many reasons, one of which is the closed 3 vs open 3 varieties. The original dies for the coinage that year was criticized for the closed 3 which looked too much like an 8, and the date logotype was soon changed so that the 3 was more open. All denominations come with both types except the 3c silver, half dime, and seated dollar, which were discontinued in 1873, and the trade dollar which began production in 1873.

    In my collecting area, seated quarters, the closed 3 is one of the rarest varieties and one of my favorites. Here's my XF40.

    I knew Harry X Boosel well. I helped explain to him two of the double dies for that year.

    Numismatist. 50 year member ANA. Winner of four ANA Heath Literary Awards; three Wayte and Olga Raymond Literary Awards; Numismatist of the Year Award 2009, and Lifetime Achievement Award 2020. Winner numerous NLG Literary Awards.
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    oldabeintxoldabeintx Posts: 1,635 ✭✭✭✭✭

    A great topic with awesome examples. I'm just finishing up a proof type set related to the Coinage Act of 1873, AKA the "Crime of 1873". In this case only the types affected by the Act, which were many.

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    OwnerofawheatiehordeOwnerofawheatiehorde Posts: 1,521 ✭✭✭✭✭

    Another great post and an even better coin @Manifest_Destiny.

    I’ve always liked your collecting style, nice higher end circulated coins. I ought to try it someday. :)

    Type collector, mainly into Seated. Young Numismatist. Good BST transactions with: mirabela, OKCC, MICHAELDIXON

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    Manifest_DestinyManifest_Destiny Posts: 3,694 ✭✭✭✭✭

    Here's the pop report to illustrate how rare the closed 3 quarter is.

    (60) 1871-cc
    (63) 1872-s
    (64) 1873-cc arr
    (69) 1873 closed 3
    (80) 1870-cc
    (81) 1871-s
    (82) 1866
    (93) 1872-cc
    (93) 1867-s
    (98) 1878-s

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    The_Dinosaur_ManThe_Dinosaur_Man Posts: 839 ✭✭✭✭✭

    There is a lot to be said about this year. I like thinking that all the discontinued denominations were made in the style of the Closed 3 and anything of those types with an Open 3 were restrikes.

    Custom album maker and numismatic photographer, see my portfolio here: (http://www.donahuenumismatics.com/).

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    erwindocerwindoc Posts: 4,927 ✭✭✭✭✭

    Neat thread! Im still looking for a wholesome VG-VF Shield nickel version for my album. My dansco has a hole for the 1873 large over small 3 too. The redbook does not have much to say about it though.

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    rec78rec78 Posts: 5,690 ✭✭✭✭✭

    Harry X Boosel - Mr. 1873 https://numismaticnews.net/collecting-101/harry-x-boosel-honored-by-chicago-coin-club
    It would take a long time just to buy all the date and mintmarks for1873 US coins cents to $20 gold coins.

    image
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    winestevenwinesteven Posts: 4,062 ✭✭✭✭✭
    edited February 16, 2024 2:14AM

    Here are my two 1873 Indians:

    My 1873 Closed 3 MS65+RB has a PCGS Pop of only 5, with 6 finer in this color at 66RB. Of the 63 graded by PCGS at 65RB or 65+RB, as noted only five have the plus grade. Rick Snow says that in his opinion this coin is 99% Red.


    My 1873 Open 3 MS66RB is tied for the Top Pop in RB, none finer at PCGS or NGC. PCGS Pop = 11. Snow PDS Score = 15 (5,5,5), the highest possible.


    A day without fine wine and working on your coin collection is like a day without sunshine!!!

    My collecting “Pride & Joy” is my PCGS Registry Dansco 7070 Set:
    https://www.pcgs.com/setregistry/type-sets/design-type-sets/complete-dansco-7070-modified-type-set-1796-date/publishedset/213996
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    rheddenrhedden Posts: 6,619 ✭✭✭✭✭

    Closed 3 business strike 25c

    Open 3 business strike 25c

    Closed 3 proof 25c

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    Manifest_DestinyManifest_Destiny Posts: 3,694 ✭✭✭✭✭

    @The_Dinosaur_Man said:
    There is a lot to be said about this year. I like thinking that all the discontinued denominations were made in the style of the Closed 3 and anything of those types with an Open 3 were restrikes.

    Looking at it a little further, the two cent pieces, which were discontinued in 1873 and are proof only, come with both open and closed 3's. I don't see where PCGS says the open 3 is a restrike but I have heard that before. Maybe someone who specializes can clear that up.

    Here are the other coins.

    3c - proof only, closed 3

    Half dime - issued for circulation and appears to be an open 3

    Seated dollar - issued for circulation, closed 3

    Trade dollar - open 3

    Something else I found that I didn't know - The gold eagle only come with a closed 3. And, it's a super rarity in the series.

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    rnkmyer1rnkmyer1 Posts: 525 ✭✭✭✭✭

    There are 3 closed 3’s in the IHC series:

    The S-1 (better known as the Double Liberty):

    The S-2:

    And - with the closed 3 designation:

    “The thrill of the hunt never gets old”

    PCGS Registry: Screaming Eagles
    Copperindian

    Retired sets: Soaring Eagles
    Copperindian

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    PerryHallPerryHall Posts: 45,433 ✭✭✭✭✭

    That sure looks like an open 3. PCGS Coin Facts has some good side by side pics of the closed 3 and the open 3.

    Worry is the interest you pay on a debt you may not owe.

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